What to do when a child has a cold? Although, it is not a problem to worry about, if you do not know how to handle a cold child, it will make the baby’s condition worse, causing pneumonia, bronchitis, affecting later child development.
The common cold is caused by a virus (bacteria) that infects the nose, throat, and sinuses. A child’s cold is most common in the fall and winter when people are indoors and in close contact.
In particular, children are often more susceptible to colds when the weather is winter because they have not built up immunity (defense) to more than 100 different types of cold viruses around. That is also the reason why children can catch a cold about 8-10 times a year before 2 years old. Once a child has been infected with the cold virus, he or she will become immune to that particular germ. Therefore, children are less likely to catch colds as they grow up.
What to do when a child has a cold?
Before trying to deal with a cold, mothers need to be very calm to apply techniques to help their children feel better and get better quickly.
– Provide plenty of water: Give your child enough fluids to help reduce cold and flu symptoms and make them feel better. Fever can lead to dehydration. Babies may not feel thirsty as usual and may be uncomfortable drinking, so it is important to encourage them to drink plenty of fluids.
Dehydration can be very serious in babies, especially babies under 3 months old. Call your pediatrician if you suspect your baby is dehydrated. Some signs may include:
+ No tears when crying
Soft spots seem to be indented
+ Reduce activity
Urinate 3-4 times less than once in 24 hours
If your baby is breastfeeding, try to breastfeed more often than usual.
– Clear nasal congestion: Nasal sprays are not recommended for young children. Instead, mothers can use a cool mist humidifier in the baby’s room. This will help break up mucus. Be sure to carefully clean the humidifier between uses to prevent mold from growing in it. Another option is to use a saline nasal spray or drops, which makes it easier for thin mucus to drain. This is especially helpful before feeding and at bedtime.
– Cough relief: If your baby is over 1 year old, try giving honey to cough instead of medicine. You can give your baby 2 to 5 ml of honey several times a day. According to experts, honey is safer and potentially more effective than cough medicines for children over 1 year old. Mother should not give honey to babies under one year old because of the risk of poisoning.
– Give your child more rest: More rest will help children recover more quickly. Your baby can be very hot due to a fever. Wear comfortable clothes and avoid thick or layered blankets as this may make your child feel hotter. A warm bath can also help your baby cool off and cool off before going to bed.
When to see a doctor with a cold?
According to doctors, if the child has a fever of over 38 degrees C (for babies under 3 months old) and over 39 degrees C (for children under 6 months old), parents need to take the baby to the hospital for examination. With children under 3 years old, when the signs of a cold start, whether more or less, heavy or mild, adults also need to take them to the doctor. In addition, it is important to seek immediate medical attention for a child with a cold if:
– No signs of relief after a few days of cold.
Children have difficulty breathing or persistent cough.
– Your baby shows signs of an ear infection or signs like ear irritation.
– Baby’s nasal discharge is yellow and green.
When the child has a cold, the mother should pay attention, absolutely do not give medicine to the child, but need to go to the doctor to be prescribed by the doctor, indicating the appropriate dose. Due to a variety of cold medicines for children under 6 years old and babies is prohibited to appoint. If used voluntarily, it will bring dangerous side effects to the health of the baby.