For first-time mothers, taking care of children is still quite confusing and clumsy, especially for babies.
The baby has just been exposed to the outside of the mother’s body, so it will be a lot of frustration and must gradually adapt to self-breathing, self-suckling and resisting outside the hot and cold weather.
To protect the health and ensure the healthy development of the baby, the proper care for the newborn is extremely important.
1. Taking care of a newborn in the first 7 days of life
For newborn babies, the first 7 days after birth are a very important time, a time when babies are at high risk of death without proper and careful care.
The rate of children dying during this time due to lack of care is quite high, about 50%.
1.1. Pay attention to keep the baby warm
During this time, the child’s cranial nerve will be inhibited so the baby will sleep a lot and only wake up when hungry or in a wet diaper.
For babies under 1 month of age, the most important thing is to keep them warm.
If a baby gets cold, he or she can be attacked by bacteria that cause illness.
If there is no problem, the baby should be lying with the mother, this will keep the baby warm thanks to the warmth from the mother and the baby is also always observed to promptly handle the unwanted incident if have.
1.2. Feed your baby often when he is hungry
When leaving a warm, nutritious environment in the womb, babies are most likely to become hungry and cold because they need a lot of energy to withstand the outside environment.
Parents should note that babies have a very high demand for food, so mothers need to respond to them right after birth.
After that, it is also necessary to meet the baby’s need to breastfeed whenever the baby is hungry, but it is not possible to feed the infant at fixed times.
1.3. The importance of colostrum for baby’s development
Within 7 days after birth, the amount of IgA in breast milk is thousands of times higher than in conventional milk.
1cm3 colostrum contains up to 4,000 white blood cells, drinking colostrum will help children have good resistance to destroy harmful bacteria in the intestinal tract.
Babies who were fed colostrum soon after birth had a much lower incidence of pneumonia and diarrhea than babies who had not received breast milk.
Therefore, mothers should not express colostrum and make full use of this amount of colostrum for babies.
1.4. Some of the normal physiological manifestations of the newborn
With under-month infants, there are often some symptoms such as stools, the stools are usually dark green, have no smell or thick, …
However, if more than 2 days, the child does not pass the stool or have unusual manifestations such as weight loss, jaundice, choking while sucking, cyanosis, difficulty breathing, heavy crying, stiff jaw or sleep, parents should immediately take the baby to medical facilities for examination. .
In some cases, the baby’s head appears serous tumor, the parents should not poke to avoid causing dangerous infections. In this case, just follow and follow the instructions of the doctor.
Some babies can be underweight and premature, but if there are no abnormal symptoms, they can be discharged after a few days.
When bringing your child home needs careful care and monitoring, take your child to see a doctor as soon as there are signs of an abnormality.
2. Taking care of children under 1 month old
During the first 28 days, when the baby is in the perinatal period, the risks to the baby will gradually decrease if parents take care of the child properly.
Parents often read and refer to the following ways to care for babies under 1 month of age to properly care for their babies.
2.1. Take care of your baby while breastfeeding
The infant’s reflexes are still very immature, without the help of the mother, the baby is very susceptible to spitting up or vomiting very dangerously.
To overcome this problem, when feeding the baby, the mother needs to perform the correct action, hold up and pat the back of her hands after eating so that the baby does not choke.
When sleeping, the baby’s head should be a little higher or lie on his side to avoid choking.
Absolutely do not let the child lie on his stomach because he or she can suffocate.
2.2. Take care of your baby while bathing
Before taking a bath, you should prepare enough towels, diapers, clothes, bath water, eye drops, nose, … to ensure your child is kept warm right after bathing.
The bathing place should also be airtight and should not be arbitrarily used to bathe the child with leaves.
If it is cold, there is no need to bathe the baby every day.
The umbilical cord is very susceptible to infection with babies, so parents need to take care of the baby’s umbilical cord every day.
Every time you shower, just clean your navel with saline and dry.
If you want your baby to quickly lose the umbilical cord, it is necessary to keep the umbilical cord clear, should not apply or use chemicals to wash the umbilical cord for the baby.
2.3. Wrap baby in diapers and hats
Do not wrap diapers too tightly as this will cause the baby to become hot, uncomfortable and pressing.
Wrapping the diaper tightly causes the child’s hip joint to be straight and forward, affecting the later leg development.
Parents should also not wear hats for children day or night, even when it is cold.
Babies often drain heat through the scalp, and wearing a hat regularly will cause them to become hot, itchy and fussy. If it is hot, just put on a hat to cover the baby’s breastbone at night while sleeping or when going out.
2.4. Skin, eye, nose, and tongue care
Babies’ senses are still very young, so they need to be carefully protected and cared for. Attention should be paid:
– Do not let infants contact cosmetics, raw soap.
– Change diapers as soon as your baby is wet.
– Use gentle products for babies to avoid reddening of the baby’s skin due to irritated feces and urine.
– Keeps young skin hydrated.
– Do not let the child’s eyes come into contact with chemicals, if the child gets watery eyes or develops stinging, just clean with normal saline.
– Use a separate and clean washcloth to wipe your baby’s face.
– Clean the parts such as nose, tongue daily with normal saline.
Taking care of a newborn can be very difficult and difficult for many families who give birth for the first time.
Early life care will greatly affect the child’s development in the future.