Causes of fever in children
Fever is not a disease, but a symptom. Therefore, in addition to fever, parents should observe if the child has any other symptoms to find the cause and tend to handle appropriately. Here are some common causes of fever in children, ..
Fever not caused by infection:
Due to teething: Children may have a mild fever, fussy crying, difficulty sleeping, loss of appetite, drooling.
Due to immunization: Children can get a low fever after getting vaccinated against typhoid, diphtheria, tetanus, measles, mumps …
Because of the sun or the common cold.
Due to wearing too many clothes: young children, especially infants, may have a fever when wearing too many clothes, because their thermostatic body is not perfect, so children will easily change their temperature according to the surrounding environment. out.
Fever caused by bacterial – bacterial infections:
It could be due to reasons such as:
Flu: This is the most common cause in children. Children have a fever for 2-3 days, runny or stuffy nose, sore throat, cough, fatigue, loss of appetite.
Pneumonia: common symptoms in children with pneumonia are high fever, rapid breathing, unusual breathing, wheezing, cough, vomiting, loss of appetite, not feeding, and drowsiness; When the illness is severe, the child may develop cyanosis of the lips and fingernails.
Ear infections: children may have a high fever, irritability, anorexia, tinnitus, ear pain, discharge of ear discharge, and hearing loss. If not yet able to speak, the child can manifest by pulling on the ear.
Fever: Children usually have a high fever for 3 to 7 days, after which they go away and start a rash all over the body.
Dengue fever: the child has a high fever continuously for more than 3 days and has manifestations of hemorrhage: petechiae or nosebleed, bleeding teeth. When the disease gets worse, children are dull, struggling, cold hands and feet, vomiting blood, stomach pain, black stools.
Measles: children with high fever continuously, cough a lot, runny nose, red eyes, from day 4 the rash appears on the face, spread to the legs and extremities.
Urinary tract infection: the child has a fever with rapid urination, pain when urinating or only a few drops of urine, incontinence. Cloudy urine.
Sepsis: children show signs of infection, high fever continuously, cannot eat or drink, all vomit, lethargy, rapid pulse, rapid breathing, possibly skin rash …
Meningitis: fever with bulging, stiff neck (unable to move the neck, unable to bow down), photosensitivity, vomiting, lethargy.
Malaria: suspected malaria when the child is living or going to an area where many people have malaria within 6 months. Children often have less typical malaria like adults (chills, fever, sweating) Children often have long, persistent fever with or without chills, sometimes just chills, fatigue, headache , myalgia.
Typhoid: suspected typhoid when the child is living or going to an area with many people with typhoid within 3 weeks. Children often have high fever continuously for more than 5 days, stomach pain, bloating, vomiting, diarrhea or constipation.
Tuberculosis: Children often show signs of persistent fever, mild afternoon fever, sweating, anorexia, weight loss or weight loss, coughing a lot, coughing up blood and not responding to common antibiotics.